I have the following question: I want to configure Anki so that the phrases I have entered are transmitted to me as a set of words in a different order, from which I would collect the phrase exactly by words, and not by typing by letters?
That’s not built-in and there’s no official way. But Anki is very flexible so it can be done.
Instead of creating such a note type on your own I’d do this: I’m pretty sure that this has been discussed before. So I would also search the old official forum on anki.tenderapp.com and the anki subreddit at reddit.com/r/anki.
This seems relevant: https://github.com/qwiglydee/anki-interactive/wiki/uc-ordering (but I haven’t tried it).